Monchong is the name used in Hawaii for two species of deep sea pomfret. These are harvested in small quantities by the tuna longline and bottomfish handline fisheries. The predominant species is Taractichthys steindachneri, known as the Sickle Pomfret, because of the forked shape of its fins and large scales. The large black scales covering the entire body of this species distinguish it from Eumegistus illustris, or Lustrous Pomfret, which has bronze skin color, larger eyes, and a thicker body. The lustrous pomfret accounts for less than 5% of monchong landings in Hawaii.
Monchong has a clear, white flesh with pinkish tones. It is firm in texture and has a high oil content.